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Revision as of 06:35, 25 January 2014
This Wiki was created using the collaborative effort by members of the UK Vaping and E-Cigarette Forum, Planet Of The Vapes.
Please visit the forum Planet Of The Vapes for more information.
If you would like to add anything to this Wiki or find any errors, get in contact with us please follow this link Submit Content
- 1 Where Do I Begin?
- 2 Devices
- 2.1 Alphabetical List of Devices
- 2.2 Electronic Cigarette Devices and Personal Vaporiser Devices
- 2.3 Accessories
- 2.4 DIY
- 2.5 Mixing
- 2.6 Additional Information
- 2.7 Mod Making & Rebuildable Information
- 2.8 Studies
- 2.9 Help
- 2.10 Miscellaneous
- 2.11 Who's Who In The Vaping Community
- 2.12 References
Where Do I Begin?
Introduction To Electronic Cigarettes
So you're here because you heard something about these electronic cigarettes and how they are supposed to help you quit smoking right? Or maybe you are just looking for accurate information that won't mislead you. Whatever the reason, you have come to the right place!
Electronic Cigarettes are an alternative delivery system to obtain nicotine, while, according to the American Cancer Society, avoiding 7000+ other chemicals in traditional cigarettes. A simple battery powered device, heats a small metal coil, your Atomiser, which in turn heats up a nicotine infused E-Liquid. When the E-Liquid is heated, it creates a relatively safe vapour that you can then inhale and exhale. This motion simulates the use of regular cigarettes.
Have a look around our Wiki for more information and if you are feeling really adventurous head over to our UK Vaping and E-Cigarette forum Planet Of The Vapes, where you will find a large gathering of like minded friendly people who can help you even further.
Electronic Cigarettes are not as new as you might think. The idea first was envisaged by Herbert Gilbert  in 1963 when he patented a "smokeless non-tobacco cigarette". In 1967 he was approached by several companies to begin commercialization of his product, however it did not occur.
In 2000, Hon Lik, a Chinese chemist, is internationally credited with the invention of the Electronic Cigarette that we are most familiar with. He devised the use of a piezoelectric ultrasound-emitting element to vaporise a pressurised jet of liquid containing nicotine diluted in a Propylene Glycol solution. This design produced a smoke-like vapour that can be inhaled and provided a vehicle for nicotine delivery into the bloodstream via the lungs. He also proposed using propylene glycol to dilute nicotine and placing it in a disposable plastic cartridge which serves as a liquid reservoir and mouthpiece. These inventions are the basis of the present-day electronic cigarettes. The device was first introduced to the Chinese domestic market in May 2004 as an aid for smoking cessation and replacement. The company that Hon Lik worked for, Golden Dragon Holdings, changed its name to Ruyan (如烟, literally "Resembling smoking"), and started exporting its products in 2005–2006 before receiving its first international patent in 2007.
What is an Electronic Cigarette?
Not all electronic cigarettes LOOK like a real cigarette, in fact most of them look like small pens with red, orange, blue or green glowing tips. They are easily distinguishable from a real cigarette though by a few factors aside from appearance.
- There is no smoke. Smoke requires combustion and the burning of a material. E-Cigs do not burn or make flame. They heat a metal coil to bring a liquid up to vapourising temperature.
- Vapour does not linger like Smoke does. Tests have shown that most amounts of vapour dissipate within seconds while smoke lingers for upwards of a half hour to an hour
- Smoke smells badly. Vapour smells of nothing or faintly of the liquid flavourings, which consists of fruits, deserts, and fresh unburned tobacco smells (fresh tobacco).
The e-cigarette is composed of a few parts:
- The cartridge or cartomiser is the part of the cigarette that allows the liquid to be absorbed. Sometimes you may need a drip tip in conjunction with with a cartomiser.
- The unit is powered by a battery. There are automatic batteries which require you to puff in order for the atomiser to be activated. Manual batteries require a button to be pushed to activate the atomiser.
What are the Benefits?
What is a Personal Vaporiser?
What is a Personal Vaporiser?
A Personal Vaporiser is essentially the exact same thing as an Electronic Cigarette, however, it's size, appearance in general and some functions are the most notable differences. A PV, normally has a seperate housing from the battery, you must insert a bigger battery into the device in order for it to work. It also sometimes has advanced menu options, like adjusting voltages or wattage. Sometimes you can check the resistance of an Atomiser or how many volts are left in the battery. One of the most well known Personal Vaporiser is the Provari.
The main benefit of using E-cigarettes or Personal vapourisers is that you avoid inhaling the 4000+ dangerous chemicals in tobacco smoke, thus minimising the risks to your health. You can also legally vape indoors as the smoking ban only covers smoke produced by combustion, E-cigarettes produce no smoke only a smoke like vapour.
What is E-liquid?
Liquid for producing vapour in electronic cigarettes, known as e-juice or e-liquid, is a solution of Propylene Glycol (PG) and/or vegetable glycerin (VG) and/or polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG400) mixed with concentrated flavours, and optionally, a variable percent of a liquid nicotine concentrate.They are often sold in a bottle or as pre-filled disposable cartridges. Many manufacturers offer dozens of flavours which resemble the taste of regular tobacco, menthol, vanilla, coffee, cola and various fruits, but nicotine concentrations vary by manufacturers. The standard notation "mg/ml" is often used in labelling, sometimes shortened to a simple "mg". Nicotine-free solutions are also common.Some electronic cigarette users opt to make their own e-juice in a form known as "DIY".
Read more about E-Liquid
- Cig-A-Likes or Pen Style
- These are Electronic Cigarettes that mimic the appearance or size (sometimes both) of a regular cigarette.
- Ego Type Batteries
- Mechanical Mods
- Variable Voltage
Check out the VV/VW FAQ
- Variable Wattage
- While this is similar to Variable Voltage, Wattage seems to deliver a steadier output resulting in less overheating, more flavour and more vapour.
Alphabetical List of Accessories
Atomisers are the bit that heats up E-liquid in order to create vapour. There is no flame involved and liquids are heated to just before boiling point. Atomisers are considered a semi disposable item as their life expectancy can vary from 3 days to several months.
Alphabetical list of Atomisers
Lithium-ion cells are made in various sizes, often assembled into packs for portable equipment. Many types are also available with an internal protection circuit to prevent over-discharge and short-circuit damage. Safe and economic recharging requires use of chargers specified for these cells. Popular applications include laptop battery packs, electronic cigarettes and flashlights. Different Size Batteries
Battery sizes are shown using a 5 digit system, The first two digits refer to diameter, the second two length and the fifth is usually a 0 indicating cylindrical therefore an 18650 battery is 18mm dia, 65mm Length and round in shape.
Battery Safetycartridge and an atomiser that is part of an Electronic Cigarette. It consists of an atomiser and cartridge, in one piece that connects to the battery. Cartomisers allow for a greater length of time between e-liquid refills and are more convenient for some, than an atomiser on its own
Cartridges are refillable "caps" that go over the atomiser. Cartridges contain a filler, most time, a type of synthetic foam, in which you drip liquid into. The cap is then placed onto an atomiser attached to a battery so that you can vape.
Clearomisers are essentially the same as a Cartomiser. However, the main difference is that you are able to see the amount of liquid inside the clearo. Most clearomisers do not utilise a filler like a Cartomiser, however, they depend on Silica Wicks to deliver E-Liquid to the coil on the Atomiser.
Rebuildables are items that you can maintain yourself without having to buy pre made manufactured items. You can get Atomisers and Tanks (Also known as Genesis Tanks). You build your own wick and coil on personal preference. The extra bits you need are, stainless steel mesh, silica, wick, and some resistance heating wire like Kanthal or NiChrome. By being able to maintain your atomiser or tank on your own, you are saving money as well.
Alphabetical List of Rebuildables
Rebuildable setups for wicks and coils
E-liquid, What do you need?
What is Vegetable Glycerin?
What is Propylene Glycol?
Warning About Diacetyl
Everything you could possibly need to know about mixing.
Guide To Mixing by Grizwald
Flavour Pairing- Want to know what flavours go great together?
Mod Making & Rebuildable Information
Rebuildable Supply Information
Guide to making a simple box mod
As of February 2013 there have been several studies, clinical researches and surveys done in regards to Electronic Cigarettes and their side effects. Please click Studies to read the information we have compiled. For more information and current studies, please visit this link.
Frequently Asked Questions
A user guide relating to all things vaping
Compilation of How To's
Definition of the most common vaping terminology
Descriptions of terms used in vaping
Who's Who In The Vaping Community
Profiles for Vendors in the UK, US, Europe and Internationally
Profiles for Mod Makers in the UK, US, Europe and Internationally
Organisations that support Vaping
Profiles for reviewers
Vaping Forums around the world
- Health New Zealand (17 October 2007). "The Ruyan e-cigarette; Technical Information Sheet"]. Health New Zealand. http://www.healthnz.co.nz/Ruyan_ecigarette.htm. Retrieved 31 March 2008.
- December 2012 "Planet of The Vapes Mixology Forum". http://www.planetofthevapes.co.uk/forums/forumdisplay.php/67-Mixology December 2012.
- http://www.planetofthevapes.co.uk/recipes Flavour Concentrate Reviews
- http://www.planetofthevapes.co.uk/recipes E-Liquid Mixing Calculator
- http://www.planetofthevapes.co.uk/recipes E-Liquid Recipes